WAEC 2019- Government
Tuesday 21st May, 2019
Government 2 (Essay) – 09:30 a.m. – 11:30am
Government 1 (Objective) – 11:30 a.m – 12:30 p.m.
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(i)Voting: We study governments so we can make an educated decision when it comes to voting. This means that you are not just going to make your voting decision on a speech or tv program that you see.
(ii) Knowledge; Studying government gives you knowledge. You are in a position to know more about the government than ever before. If you do not study governments then you are not going to know all of the ins and outs of politics.
(iii)Future; We can control the future of our country, including political movements and government decision making. Studying government is going to ensure that you can make a difference.
(iv)Improvements; There is always going to be the option to make improvements within different governments. If a government does not have a clear idea on one of their policies, this can be changed and improved over time, and you can understand this when you study the subject.
(v)Career choices ; Studying the government is going to open many doors for you and you can decide whether or not you want to go into a career in politics (to make a difference as much as you see fit).
A citizen is a person who is a legal member of and owes allegiance to a particular country he/she resides in which he/she enjoys full civil and political rights and will be ready to put his life at stake in defence of its territory when occasion calls for that
(i) Defence of the country: A citizen should be prepared to defend his/her country when it is threatened
(ii) Service to the nation: A citizen should not hesitate to serve his/her nation in any capacity he capable when called upon to do so.
(iii) Civic responsibilities: It is also the responsibility of a good citizen to register during registration exercise and vote during elections if he/she is qualified to do so.
(iv) Assisting the law enforcement agents: A good citizen should always be prepared to assist the police and other law enforcement agents in reducing crime rate in the country by giving them useful information
local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state
(i)Choice of leadership: Local governments give people the opportunity to elect their own people as their representatives in the local government council. These personnel exercise governmental powers on behalf of the people, understand their people more than ’outsiders’ and are accountable to the electorate.
(ii)Familiarity: Local governments are more knowledgeable and thus better equipped to handle cases involving religion, matrimony, land, chieftaincy disputes, history and communal clashes between different communities in their areas.
(iii)The link between the people and the government: Local governments act as a link between the rulers and the ruled. They educate the people on the policies of the state and national governments and give government a feedback on the response and needs of the people.
(iv)Experimentation of government policies: The local governments are often used as experimental grounds for testing the policies and programmes of the government. The tests are often carried out in selected local government areas to determine the suitability of such programmes.
[Pick Any THREE]
(i) The Hugh Clifford constitution of 1922
(ii) Arthur Richard constitution of 1946
(iii) The John Macpherson constitution of 1951
(iv) Oliver Lyttleton constitution of 1954
[Pick Any FOUR]
(i) Parliamentry system was operated
(ii) A federal system of government was retained
(iii) The head of state was Tafawa Belewa(Nigerian)
(iv) The constitution defines citizenship of Nigeria
(v) The regions still maintained bi-cameralism
(vi) The constitution accommadated fundamental human right
(i) Revenue Allocation: this is the major problem of the Nigerian federalism cos of the lack of standard means of distributing the resources generated among states.
(ii) Ethnic domination: Nigeria being a state of multi ethnic groups with different languages, finds it difficult to unity cause of fear of domination by other major groups
[Pick Any THREE]
(i) The different governments in Nigeria derive their power from the constitution
(ii) Duplication of organs of government in all governments of Nigeria
(iii) The supremacy of the constitution
(iv) The division of Nigeria into unequal regions/states
(v) Existence of bicameral legislature in Nigeria
(iii) Dr. C. Vaughan
(i)It promoted national unity by composing its members from several ethnic groups in Nigeria.
(ii)It fought hard for the political independence of Nigeria.
(iii)It arouse modern nationalism among Nigerians.