Monday 20th May, 2019
Christian Religious Studies 2 (Essay) – 09:30 a.m. – 11:30am
Christian Religious Studies 1 (Objective) – 11:30 a.m – 12:30 p.m.

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Islamic Studies 2 (Essay) – 09:30 a.m. – 11:30am
Islamic Studies 1 (Objective) – 11:30 p.m – 12:20 p.m.

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Chemistry 2 (Essay) – 2:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m.
Chemistry 1 (Objective) – 4:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m

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Number 1

As we learned, Pharʹaoh told the Israelites to leave Egypt after God brought the 10th plague on the Egyptians. About 600,000 Israelite men left, as well as many women and children. Also, a large number of other people, who had become believers in Jehovah, left with the Israelites. They all took their sheep and goats and cattle with them.

Before they left, the Israelites asked the Egyptians for clothes and for things made of gold and silver. The Egyptians were very much afraid, because of that last plague upon them. So they gave the Israelites everything they asked for.

After a few days the Israelites came to the Red Sea. There they rested. In the meantime, Pharʹaoh and his men began to feel sorry that they had sent the Israelites away. ‘We have let our slaves go!’ they said.

So Pharʹaoh changed his mind once more. He quickly got his war chariot and his army ready. Then he began to chase after the Israelites with 600 special chariots, as well as all the other chariots of Egypt.

When the Israelites saw Pharʹaoh and his army coming after them, they were very much afraid. There was no way to flee. The Red Sea was on one side of them, and here the Egyptians were coming from the other direction. But Jehovah put a cloud between his people and the Egyptians. So the Egyptians were not able to see the Israelites to attack them.

Jehovah then told Moses to stretch his stick out over the Red Sea. When he did, Jehovah caused a strong east wind to blow. The waters of the sea were parted, and the waters were held up on both sides.

Then the Israelites began to march through the sea on dry ground. It took hours for the millions of people with all their animals to get safely through the sea to the other side. Finally the Egyptians were able to see the Israelites again. Their slaves were getting away! So they rushed into the sea after them.

When they did, God caused the wheels of their chariots to fall off. The Egyptians became very much afraid and began to cry out: ‘Jehovah is fighting for the Israelites against us. Let’s get out of here!’ But it was too late.

This is when Jehovah told Moses to stretch his stick out over the Red Sea, as you saw in the picture. And when Moses did, the walls of water began to come back and cover the Egyptians and their chariots. The whole army had followed the Israelites into the sea. And not one of the Egyptians got out alive!


Amos denounced the high places of Israel and pronounced that God would rise against bthe house of jeroboam II with sword. Then amaziah, the priest of bethel, sent word to king jeroboam II that Amos had conspired against him and that the land was not able to bear all his words. He said that jeroboam would die by the sword and is isreal must go into exile.

To Amos, amaziah said, o seer, go flee to the land of Judah, eat bread there, and prophesy there; but never again prophesy at bethel. Amos replied ! I am no prophet, nor a prophets son.I am a herdsman, and a dresser of sycamore trees. The lord took me from following the flock to go and prophesy to my people, is real.
Therefore, hear the word of the lord. For ordering me to shut up, your wife shall become harlot in the city; your sons and daughters shall fall by the sword. Your land shall be parcelled out by line. You yourself shall die in and unclean land and is real shall surely go into exile away from its land.
Those who oppose God should be condemned for the following two reasons:

The lord God is our creator and sustainer; its is condemnable for people to oppose him.

Besides, the opponents of God are evil to others, and could serve as snares to the righteous.

I. People complain about the men of God for their extravagant lifestyle.

II. People complain about men of God for their extortions from the congregation.

III. People complain about the immoral behavior of God’s men.

5a) They took Jesus to the high priest, and all the chief priests, the elders and the teachers of the law came together. Peter followed him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest. There he sat with the guards and warmed himself at the fire.

The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death, but they did not find any. Many testified falsely against him, but their statements did not agree.

Then some stood up and gave this false testimony against him: “We heard him say, ‘I will destroy this temple made with human hands and in three days will build another, not made with hands.’” Yet even then their testimony did not agree.

Then the high priest stood up before them and asked Jesus, “Are you not going to answer? What is this testimony that these men are bringing against you?” But Jesus remained silent and gave no answer.

Again the high priest asked him, “Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?”

“I am,” said Jesus. “And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.”

The high priest tore his clothes. “Why do we need any more witnesses?” he asked. “You have heard the blasphemy. What do you think?”

They all condemned him as worthy of death. Then some began to spit at him; they blindfolded him, struck him with their fists, and said, “Prophesy!” And the guards took him and beat him.

[Pick Any TWO]
(i) People bear false witness against others due to jealousy
(ii) People bear false witness against others for favour
(iii) People bear false witness against others for fear of intimidation.
(iv) People bear false witness against others for financial and material gains

7a (acts 7:2-53)
Stephen was charged as a blasphemer of God, and an apostate from the church; therefore he shows that he is a son of Abraham, and values himself on it. The slow steps by which the promise made to Abraham advanced toward performance, plainly show that it had a spiritual meaning, and that the land intended was the heavenly. God owned Joseph in his troubles, and was with him by the power of his Spirit, both on his own mind by giving him comfort, and on those he was concerned with, by
giving him favour in their eyes. Stephen reminds the Jews of their mean beginning as a check to priding themselves in the glories of that nation. Likewise of the wickedness of the patriarchs of their tribes, in envying their brother Joseph; and the same spirit was still working in them toward Christ and his ministers. The faith of the patriarchs, in desiring to be buried in the land of Canaan, plainly showed they had regard to the heavenly country. It is well to recur to the first rise of
usages, or sentiments, which have been perverted. Would we know the nature and effects of justifying faith, we should study the character of the father of the faithful. His calling shows the power and freeness of Divine grace, and the nature of conversion. Here also we see that outward forms and distinctions are as nothing, compared with separation from the world, and devotedness to God.


  1. The core of Christian commitment is service.

Our desire at the Summit is to be a place characterized by service. And our people really seem to get it. It’s humbling to pull into in the parking lot and see guys with doctorate degrees serving on our parking team. Is that the best use of their specific talents? Not exactly. But the reason these guys wear goofy vests and stand in the freezing cold, is because they understand there is a need—and they stand willing to serve.

We should all make room in our life to do things we aren’t necessarily thrilled to do, so we might maintain the role and attitude of “servant.” Nothing is below us as Christians; we should approach every service opportunity in the same manner as Stephen: “It’s not about me, and if this is how I can serve the body of Christ, I’ll gladly do it.”

  1. Nothing is more important than the Word of God.

Nothing is more important than teaching the Bible. When it comes to my schedule as a pastor, I am indebted to my church for allowing me to focus primarily on preaching. By taking care of other needs in our church, they free me up to teach the Word of God. That’s what you find Stephen doing in Acts 6.

But it’s not enough for pastors to prioritize teaching it; you have to prioritize learning it. All Christians should “be ready to give a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you.” The Holy Spirit can only bring things to your memory that you have already committed to memory!

  1. God does his greatest work through “ordinary” people.

This comes up again and again and again in the book of Acts. It’s not the famous apostles who primarily spread the gospel to the ends of the earth. It’s the average, everyday Christians. We’ve got to remember this, because it’s easy to look at Acts and think, “They did some amazing things, but they were apostles!” But ordinary people filled with the Spirit can do everything an apostle can do. Jesus said his followers would do “greater works” than him, because he was going to the Father and sending his Spirit to us. That means that some of God’s greatest miracles are supposed to happen through you.

  1. Christians are a befuddling contradiction to the world.

Christians should be confusing to the surrounding world, because they speak with both grace and truth. You see that in Stephen’s life: one minute he’s pointing his finger at the religious leaders and calling them heartless murderers (truth), and the next—as they’re stoning him—he prays for their forgiveness (grace). It’s not usual to find somebody switch gears like that. Our society has no category for someone speaking prophetic truth with tender grace. So when Christians embody both, the world scratches its head.

Sadly, even if you speak truth graciously, the world will hate you. Jesus flowed with grace and truth, as did Stephen, and the world killed them both. Some people will always throw stones at Christians, but others, like Saul, will see the sweetness of Jesus and be converted.

  1. Sometimes God’s will for us is martyrdom.

Stephen did everything right and he ended up dead. What happened? Why didn’t God rescue him? Honestly, we don’t know always why God allows his people to suffer. But we do know that the sermons we preach in our pain are louder than the ones we preach in our prosperity. Stephen’s most effective contribution to the kingdom of God came through his martyrdom.

It may be that God’s will for our life isn’t one that takes us from blessing to blessing, but one that follows Stephen on the road to martyrdom. But in the end, we will, like Stephen, look up to heaven and see Jesus standing in affirmation. Only when we know that Jesus stands before us, in love and victory at the right hand of God, will we have the power to endure the scorn of the world. And though earth may reject us, we can endure knowing that heaven will accept



Peter advised the Christians living among non-Christians to abstain from fleshy lust since it battles against the soul.
He told them to engage in honest conversation among the Gentiles so that even if they speak against them, their good works would force the Gentiles to glorify God.
Peter told them to subject themselves to every human institution whether it is the Emperor himself or the Governors that have been sent to reward those who do good and punish those who do wrong. According to Peter, if they do this, they will put to silence the ignorance of foolish men.
He advised them to live as free men but should not use their freedom as a pretext to engage in evil. They should live as servants of God. They should honour all men, love the brotherhood, fear God and honour the emperor.
Peter explained that they would receive no glory if they are punished for doing the wrong thing, but if they are punished for doing the right thing and they endure, it is acceptable before God.
Peter concluded that Christ himself suffered the same faith. According to Peter, Jesus was reviled but he did not reply. Therefore, the people must copy Christ’s example.


I. Greed : a person with a greedy attitude can never please God.

II. Pride : even the Bible is clear on this that, “pride comes before destruction” a person with pride can never please God


You are fasting…..you are covered….


Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
(i)Qul a’uzu birabbin naas
(ii)Malikin naas
(iii)Ilaahin naas
(iv)Min sharril was waasil khannaas
(v)Al lazee yuwas wisu fee sudoorin naas
(vi)Minal jinnati wan naas
(i)Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind,
(ii) “The King of mankind,
(iii)”The Ilah (God) of mankind,
(iv) “From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one’s heart after one remembers Allah)
(v) “Who whispers in the breasts of mankind,

(vi) “Of jinns and men.”

The phrase ‘Allahu Akbar’ is called takbir .
‘Ihram’ means ‘imposition of limits’. Thus the
‘takbir’ just after niyyah is called ‘Takbiratul-Ihram’ , because it limits the man in his actions; now he cannot do any work except prayer.
The phrase ‘Allahu Akbar’ is called takbir .
‘Ihram’ means ‘imposition of limits’. Thus the
‘takbir’ just after niyyah is called ‘Takbiratul-Ihram’ , because it limits the man in his actions; now he cannot do any work except prayer. There are four conditions in it:
(a) It must be in the approved form, i.e. ‘Allahu Akbar ‘ without any addition or change and without joining it with other wordings.
(b) It must be in correct Arabic.
(c) It must be said while standing (details will come afterwards).
(d) Body must be in ‘tama’ninat’ (not moving, but still).

(e) Muwalaat : The letters and words should be recited one after another without gap.


1-Annabi (SAW) ya kasance idan damuwa ko bakin ciki ya same
sa yana cewa:
_ ﻳﺎ ﺣَﻰُّ ﻳﺎ ﻗﻴُّﻮﻡُ ﺑﺮَﺣﻤﺘِﻚ ﺃﺳﺘَﻐﻴﺚ _
@ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻊ 4791 ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﻧﻲ
2-Annabi (SAW) yana cewa:
(idan bakin ciki ko damuwa ya sami daya daga cikinku,sai yace:
_“” ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺭﺑﻲ ﻻ ﺃﺷﺮﻙ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ “”_
@ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ 2755 ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﻧﻲ
3-Annabi (SAW) yana cewa:
(Shin banzan fada maku wani abuba wanda dan bakin ciki ko
bala’i ko damuwa idan ta sami wanin ku ya fada sai a yaye
masa wannan damuwar ko bala’in? itace Adduar Ma’abucin kifi.
_”” ﻟَﺎ ﺇِﻟﻪَ ﺇﻟَّﺎ ﺃَﻧﺖَ ﺳُﺒْﺤَﺎﻧَﻚَ ﺇِﻧَّﻲ ﻛُﻨﺖُ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟﻈَّﺎﻟِﻤِﻴﻦَ “” _
@ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻣﻊ 2605 ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﻧﻲ
4-Annabi (SAW) yana cewa:
(Addu’ar yaye damuwa da bakin ciki itace:
_”” ﺍﻟﻠَّﻬﻢَّ ﺭﺣﻤﺘَﻚَ ﺃﺭﺟﻮ ، ﻓﻼ ﺗَﻜِﻠﻨﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻧَﻔﺴﻲ ﻃﺮﻓﺔَ ﻋﻴﻦٍ ، ﻭﺃﺻﻠِﺢ ﻟﻲ ﺷﺄﻧﻲ ﻛُﻠَّﻪُ، ﻻ
ﺇﻟَﻪَ ﺇﻟَّﺎ ﺃﻧﺖَ “”_
@ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺃﺑﻲ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ 5090 ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﻧﻲ
5-Manzon Allah (SAW) yana fadar wannan adduar dan yaye
damuwa da kuncin and rayuwa:
_”” ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺤﻠﻴﻢ، ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ، ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮﺍﺕ ﻭﺭﺏ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ “”_
@ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ، ٧/ ١٥٤، ﺑﺮﻗﻢ ٦٣٤٥، ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ، ٤/ ٢٠٩٢، ﺑﺮﻗﻢ ٢٧٣٠ .
6-Annabi (SAW) yana yawaita yin wannan adduar dan yaye bakin
“” ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﻧﻲ ﺃﻋﻮﺫ ﺑﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺰﻥ، ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺠﺰ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺴﻞ، ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺨﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺒﻦ، ﻭﺿﻠﻊ
ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﻏﻠﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ “”
@ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ، ١١/١٧٣ ، .
7-Annabi (SAW) yana cewa:
(Babu wata damuwa ko kunci da zata sami wani mutum sai ya
fadi wannan addua,face Allah yaye masa wannan bakin cikin
sannan ya maye masa da farin ciki)adduar itace:
*_( ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﻧﻲ ﻋﺒﺪﻙ، ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪﻙ، ﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﻣﺘﻚ، ﻧﺎﺻﻴﺘﻲ ﺑﻴﺪﻙ، ﻣﺎﺽ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻜﻤﻚ، ﻋﺪﻝ
ﻓﻲ ﻗﻀﺎﺅﻙ، ﺃﺳﺄﻟﻚ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺍﺳﻢ ﻫﻮ ﻟﻚ، ﺳﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﺴﻚ، ﺃﻭ ﺃﻧﺰﻟﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻚ، ﺃﻭ
ﻋﻠﻤﺘﻪ ﺃﺣﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻚ، ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺄﺛﺮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺐ ﻋﻨﺪﻙ، ﺃﻥ ﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺭﺑﻴﻊ
ﻗﻠﺒﻲ، ﻭﻧﻮﺭ ﺻﺪﺭﻱ، ﻭﺟﻼﺀ ﺣﺰﻧﻲ، ﻭﺫﻫﺎﺏ ﻫﻤﻲ ‏) *_
@ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻏﻴﺐ 1822 , ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ 199 ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﻧﻲ
Allah ka yaye mana dukkan damuwa da bakin cikin duniya da
Lahira. Amin


-High temperature is required
-High pressure
-The presence of Catalyst

(i) To avoid corrosion
(ii) To avoid rusting

Calcium oxide (CaO) is alkaline and Hcl is acidic. The two react to form calcium chloride and water; instead of dry Hcl, after that, it will end up with wet calcium chloride.

Concentrated H2SO4(aq)

Conc HNO#(aq) reacts with a solution of FeSO4(aq). The Fe2+ was oxidised to yellow Fe3+ and brown NO2(g) was given off.
ie 2HNO3(aq) + 2FeSO4(aq) + H2SO4 -> Fe2(SO4)3 + 2NO2(g) + 2H2O

(I) ZnO(s) + H2SO4(aq) —> ZnSO4(aq) + H2O(l)
(II) ZnO(s) + NaOH(aq) —> Na2ZnO2(s) + H2O(l)

(III) Amphoteric property

(i) They have the same number of atoms
(ii) They have different neutron number which makes their mass number to differ

HclO – Oxochlorate(i)acid and Hcl

H2S is undergoing oxidation to S(s)


C10H22—–>(cracking)—->C6H14 + C4H8
P is C4H8

| | | |
| |

| | |
H-C= C- C-H

P would be polymerized because it is an alkene(butene) or an unsaturated hydrocarbon

Hundi’s rule: Electrons occupy each orbital singly first before pairing takes place in a degenerated orbital
Aufbau’s principle: Electrons enter into orbitals in order of increasing energy


H2S-Moderately soluble

(i) Number of unpaired electrons is zero
(ii) J would be a good reducing agent
(iii)It is found in group 2, It is a metal and Metals are good reducing agent

Limestone is heated to generate CO2 for the reaction: CaCO3(aq) -> CaO(s) + CO2(g)

Ammonia is used to make brine
NH3(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l) -> NH4HCO3(aq)
NH4HCO3(aq) + NaCl(aq) -> NaHCO3(s) + NH4Cl(aq)

C6H12O6(aq) ——> 2C2H5OH(aq) + 2CO2(g)

On fermenting, the CO2 released, mounts pressure in the bottle and it scatters

Cu, Fe, Na, K
Increasing reactivity


Cu and Fe

A redox reaction is an oxidation-reduction reaction, both occuring at the same time

I – Redox
II – not Redox
III- not redox
IV – not Redox
v – Redox

(i)It is used in the sterilization of water for domestic and industrial use and in the treatment of sewage
(ii)It is used as a bleaching agent for cotton linen and wood-pulp
Preparation of hydrogen from water gas:
This is called Bosch process: In this process large quantities of hydrogen are produced from cheap raw materials namely water and coke when steam is passed over red hot coke (carbon) at about 1200C, a mixture of carbon(II) oxide and hydrogen ion and water gas is produced .Excess steam is then mixed with the water gas and passed over a catalyst iron(III)oxide at 450C.As a result the carbon(II)oxide in the water gas is converted by CO2 with a further yield of hydrogen
Endothermic reaction
H2O(g) + C(s)—> CO(g)


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