Manufacturing Industry The branch of manufacture and trade based on the fabrication, processing, or preparation of products from raw materials and commodities. This includes all foods, chemicals, textiles, machines, and equipment.
(i)concentrated in towns;
(ii)mainly import substituting;
(iii)depend on imported machinery/technology;
(iv)mainly light industries
(i)It checks the drift of young people from the rural areas to the towns and cities.
(ii)Labour is likely to be cheaper in the rural areas.
(iii)Transportation and accommodation problems of staff are likely to be less acute.
(iv)The industrial atmosphere would be more peaceful, free from traffic congestion.
(v)Land is likely to be more easily available in the rural areas
(i) Air transport is the fastest means of transport than other means of transport.
(ii) it saves time
(i) Cost of operating airlines is very high and so freight cost is very high as compared to other mode of transport.
(ii) It is difficult to carry bulky, awkwardly shaped goods.
(iii) Very risky in case of accident.
(iv) It is controlled by climatic conditions; thus bad weather leads to uncertainty in its time table.
(i)the prices of flight in the airport should be reduced so that it can be affordable
(ii)the size of some aircrafts should be increased to accommodate a large number of people and goods
(iii)Weather conditions should be checked properly before taking off.
(i)The Western Highland is made up of an upland plateau located in Western Nigeria;
(ii)from the general plateau surface are outcrops of hills such as Apata, Epinmi, Idanri and Kukuru hills; – the heights of these hills range from 300 – 600 metres above sea level;
(iii)A few of the hills have peaks of up to 1000 metres e.g. the Idanre hill;
(iv)the predominant rock type is the basement complex rocks
(i)farming of cash crops e.g. kola nut, oil palm, cocoa;
(ii)farming of food crops e.g. maize, yam, cassava, vegetables;
(iii)rearing of livestock particularly goats, poultry and sheep;
(iv)heavy industrial manufacturing e.g. car assembly, cement, beverage industries, plastic
-Problems Affecting Development-
(i)urban flooding due to blockage of drainage channels;
(ii)pronounce rural urban migration leading to rural depopulation;
(iii)problems related to land tenure;
(iv)leaching of soil nutrients in lateritic soil.
i) pollution : oil pollution and spillage destroys marine life and vegetation
ii) rainfall : excessive rainfall disturbs outdoor economic activities and adversely affects agricultural activities
iii) salinity : salinity is high in soil water which affects agriculture and drinking water
iv) invasion of coastal rivers, creek and lagoons by Marine weeds especially hyacinth
v) mangrove swamp and poor drainage systems inhibit road constructions
i) flood control devices and systems should be designed
ii) improved transportation through dredging and clearing of water weed etc
iii) control of environmental impact of oil exploration activities
iv) introduction of speed boats to facilitate movements
v) land reclamation devices and services should also be constructed